Prosthesis

    Prosthetics are made from dental, acrylic and resin, special plastics and light metal designed to look like real and replace the natural teeth.
  • Publishing :22.02.2017 15:11:12
    Update : 01.01.2018 17:06:48
  • Share
    Share on social media...

TURN BACK

Denture Types

The term 'prosthetic tooth' may actually have different meanings. There are three basic types of dental prosthesis, the main differences of which are explained below, and you will have a clearer picture in mind as you talk to your dentist after reading this section. Your dentist will know what you need and will do what is right for you. Here you can get a quick overview.

1-Movable Prostheses

They are prostheses inserted and removed by the patient who are not fixed in the mouth.

Complete dentures

They are completely removable prostheses that are used when the teeth are completely missing. (You will see an example on the side.)

How to use?
The maintenance of these prostheses is not different from the partial prosthesis, it should be taken out after meals, washed, not put in the night and kept in clean water or special solution in special box.

What is the disadvantage?
Adherence process and maintenance are more difficult than fixed treatment (bridge, implant) as it is in all removable (removable) dentures. Furthermore, since the prosthesis does not have any holders in the mouth, the stability of the prosthesis in the lower cannels, especially in the older ages when the palate is pulled down, is considerably reduced and may occur during eating and talking.

What is the alternative?
Implant supported prostheses can be considered as an alternative.

Partial prostheses
Some of the teeth are in the mouth, but are not suitable for porcelain bridge or implant treatment. They are called implantable removable prostheses that are used with the help of metal holders.

How to use?
The maintenance of these prostheses is not different from the full prosthesis, it should be removed after meals, washed, not put on nights, and kept in clean water or special solution in special box.

What is the disadvantage?
Adherence process and maintenance are more difficult than fixed treatment (bridge, implant) as it is in all removable (removable) dentures. Also, if metal holders are placed on the front teeth, non-aesthetic images may come to the fore.

What is the alternative?
Implant supported fixed prostheses or precision prostheses can be considered as alternatives.

PRECISION CONNECTED PARTIAL PROSTHESES
Some of the teeth are in the mouth, but are not suitable for porcelain bridge or implant treatment. They are called removable prostheses which are used by the teeth inside, the inner parts of which are not visible, and the support with various attachments.
 
How to use?
The maintenance of these prostheses is not different from the partial prosthesis, it should be taken out after meals, washed, not put in the night and kept in clean water or special solution in special box.
 
What is the advantage?
Unlike partial prostheses, there are no metal binders that appear from the outside, which provides an aesthetic advantage, especially in the front teeth. Stabilizers are also better than partial prostheses.
 
What is the disadvantage?
Adherence process and maintenance are more difficult than fixed treatment (bridge, implant) as it is in all removable (removable) dentures. Also, some elements of the precision couplers may loosen over time and may need to be changed.
 
What is the alternative?
Implant supported prostheses can be considered as an alternative.
 
How does it feel to use a moving prosthesis?
Prosthetics are very difficult to use until the first few weeks they are attached. The tongue and cheeks seem to be loose enough to learn to hold the prosthesis in place. Or you may feel a lot of crowd in your mouth. It is not unusual to have minor irritations and hurtful places. You feel the amount of saliva increases during first use. As your doctor fixes them at the controls and you get used to the prosthesis, your complaints will decrease.
 
Do my prostheses make me look different?
Prosthetics change your appearance significantly so that your natural teeth will fill up as much as possible. Your prosthetics will make your smile look beautiful and make your face look more full. By supporting the cheeks and lips, the dentures will reduce the wrinkles that occur as a result of wrinkles and make you look better, but you should not expect to get rid of the increasing physiological wrinkles as you get older.
 
Do my prosthetics allow me to eat?
Eating requires practice. At the beginning prefer to eat with softer foods and small spots. Try to chew slowly and using both sides; so you have prevented your prosthesis from rolling over. As you get chewy, you can go through the harder foods and continue your normal diet, but you should not break chewing on both sides.
 
Do my prostheses change my talk?
Speaking also requires practice, such as eating. Speak more slowly if your prosthesis is making noise while talking. If you have difficulty pronouncing words, speak with a loud voice and repeat the words you are forced to hear. If your speech problem persists, be sure to consult your dentist.
 
Should I wear the prostheses all day long?
At the beginning, it may be necessary to wear your day and night prosthesis to make the tissues fit into the prosthesis. Once you have adjusted, it is recommended that you remove your prosthesis at night to rest the tissues under the prosthesis.


Should I use denture adhesives?
Prosthetic adhesives can be used to enhance the retention of your well-fitting dentures. It is not proper to use with bad prosthetics that are irritating to the tissues and irritate the underlying tissues. This will cause complaints as well as complaints. Such prostheses need to be primed or renewed to restore tissue compatibility.
 
How should I maintain and clean my prostheses?
Prostheses should be cleaned every day, like natural teeth, and the food residues and plaque should be cleaned. Brushing is also important in terms of the health of the mouth tissues as well as in terms of cleaning the prosthesis. You can use soaps with brushes specially prepared for dentures for brushing or toothbrushes with soft bristles. You can also use denture cleaners or ultrasonic cleaners that you can find in pharmacies and markets for cleaning. Do not use harsh toothbrushes that can break the dentures of the dentures. Do not use cleansers containing excess abrasives or whiteners such as bleach when cleaning dentures. Prosthetics are vulnerable to impact, so they can easily break when they fall. For this reason, the cleaning of the prosthesis on a towel or a container filled with water; can be taken as a measure against falling or breaking. Prostheses should not dry out when not in use, so prostheses should be kept in clean water at times when they are not used. Never put your prosthesis in boiling water; this can cause the disruption of your prosthesis. Brushing with soft brushes outside the prosthesis and brushing the supporting tissues under the prosthesis is very important for the protection of your mouth.
 
When should I replace my prostheses?
The tendency of the prosthesis to contract over time in relation to the supporting tissues may deteriorate. This relationship can be achieved by priming processes. If this is not done, the prosthesis will loosen, it will start to irritate the tissues and it will hurt. When this condition persists, it can cause serious problems in the mouth. Prosthesis should be renewed when the dentures become impaired with the teeth, when the teeth are worn and when they can not grind nutrients as old. Even if the prostheses are not used every 2 to 4 years, they may need to be replaced when the material is being prepared for the proper holding of the material bacteria. Do not try to correct yourself if you have a problem with your dentures, contact your dentist immediately.
 
 
2-Fixed Prostheses

Whatever materials are used, they are fixed prostheses (crowns), bridges (covering with missing teeth). ZIRCONIUM AND EMPRESSORS, IMPLANTED CHRONES OR BRIDGES and classical metal backed porcelain ... All these applications have a common feature that they are fixed in the mouth and can not be removed by the patient.

Why is Kuron used and why?

It is a covering applied to the tooth to restore a damaged tooth. The aim is to beautify, consolidate and protect the female. Kuron can be done in the following situations.
* To restore a large fill when there is not enough tooth support,
* To prevent breakage of weak teeth,
* As a dental implant top structure,
* For covering broken, shaped or colored teeth.
What exactly is the bridge?
It is a form of treatment based on the support of neighboring teeth to fill the gaps that occur in the event of one or more loss of teeth.

Metal supported porcelain:
Porcelain on a metal substructure is made in accordance with the desired tooth form, by hand shaping of the technician.

In metal bottom structures, metal is made first, opaque is applied to mask the metal bottom on metal, this prevents opaque light transmission and gives the appearance that the teeth are artificial. The opaque is made of porcelain.

Metal-backed porcelain is still used at a high rate today. They are generally preferred because they are economical compared to metal-free porcelains or zirconium porcelain. In some cases, metal-assisted crowns are also used to insert the elements that we call sensitive retainers in fixed natural teeth in the teeth where the movable prosthesis will be supported.

Most of the implant porcelains are metal supports. If pre-group teeth are desired, metal-free porcelains called zirconium can be used. Today's technology is also utilized in metal-supported porcelains used for dentistry for years. Porcelain cooking techniques we call low-temperature for a more natural image, or magnetic magnetization techniques for obtaining a thin metal of equal thickness. Very fine-grained metals compatible with textures can now be made using computer technology. Especially in the rear group teeth, metal porcelains can be made with teeth far away from laughing line as well as in front group teeth.

For those with metal allergies, nickel-free tissue-friendly metals have also been produced if metal-backed restorations have to be used.

In aesthetic dentistry, metal-containing porcelain is being abandoned day by day. In this system, which has all the properties that we desire like healthier, more aesthetic and more resistance, zirconium is used instead of metal as a white alloy. Zirconium based porcelains are so natural that they can be used both in the front teeth, and because they are in the stability that can be used in the back teeth, we prefer them safely. these systems make the life of the physician and the patient easier and improve the quality of life of the person. If the precious metals and good technicians are used, satisfactory esthetics are also provided with metal supported porce